Image: Types of Electric Vehicles

What Type of Electric Vehicles Are There?

Electric vehicles (EVs) are becoming more popular and there are different types to choose from. Below are the most common EV options.

Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs)

BEVs are entirely electric and don't have a gasoline engine. They are considered zero-emission vehicles because they don't emit harmful pollutants like traditional cars. The car is powered by a rechargeable battery pack.

Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs)

HEVs have both a gasoline engine and an electric motor. The battery can recharge through regenerative braking, which captures energy that's normally lost in traditional cars. This energy can be used to assist the gasoline engine during acceleration.

Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs)

PHEVs also have both a gasoline engine and an electric motor. They have larger batteries than HEVs and can be charged by plugging into a grid. PHEVs can travel for a few dozen miles before the gasoline engine takes over. Once the all-electric range is depleted, they operate like regular hybrids and use gasoline to power the car.